Tibia shaft fractures can be treated with various modes, each having its merits and demerits. The aim of our study was to analyze clinical outcome of Ilizarov technique in patients with tibia shaft fracture.
Method: 50 patients with isolated tibia shaft fracture treated with Ilizarov external fixator were followed prospectively for one year. Depending upon the level of fracture 4 or 5 rings were used. Weight bearing as per patient pain tolerance was allowed within 24 to 48 hours. The decision of frame removal was taken based on Ramos criteria. The function was evaluated based on Johner and Wruh’s criteria.
Results: According to Johner and Wruh’s criteria, 34 patients had excellent, 12 patients had good and 4 patients had fair results. No poor results were noted. There was no case of re-operation and re-fracture. Pin-site infections were seen in 14% cases but there were no deep infections.
Conclusion: Ilizarov technique can be used as an early definitive management in tibia shaft fractures with excellent clinical outcome.