Background: Improper posture is one of the main causes of scoliosis, a common spinal condition. While scoliosis can develop at any age, this review focuses on infantile scoliosis and aims to organize therapeutic thinking around the treatment of infantile scoliosis and to report modern therapeutic approaches with physical therapy as the main focus.
Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to gather relevant research articles on the effectiveness of exercise methods in managing infantile scoliosis. The included studies provided data on various outcome measures, including the Cobb angle, trunk rotation angle, spinal flexibility, vital capacity, posture, and respiratory function. The researchers reviewed and synthesized the findings from these studies, noting significant results and discrepancies between different exercise methods.
Results: The results of this study demonstrate that the Schroth method effectively improves the Cobb angle, reduces trunk rotation angle, increases spinal flexibility, enhances vital capacity, and promotes improved posture. Furthermore, exercises with the Dobomed method have shown significant improvements in respiratory function, while the Side Shift method did not yield significant differences compared to other exercise methods. Additionally, Niederhofferv exercises have been found to be crucial for improving posture, muscle strength, maintaining mobility, and facilitating respiratory function.
Conclusion: These different exercise methods provide a range of benefits in the management of scoliosis, targeting various aspects such as spinal alignment, respiratory function, and overall musculoskeletal well-being. The applicability of the mentioned exercise methods to toddlers wearing a guardian has not been clarified in the available data.