Radial neck fractures account for 1% of all fractures in children and 5% to 14% of traumatic elbow injuries. They are mainly caused by having fallen onto an out-stretched hand. Classification: O’Brien and Judet classification.
The purpose of this study was to review the functional outcomes of the management of radial neck fractures in pediatric age group using Métaizeau technique.
A prospective observational analysis was performed on 8 patients who underwent closed reduction and internal fixation with elastic intramedullary nailing using Métaizeau technique for fracture neck of the radius. Pediatric patients in the age group of 3-12 years with Judet type 3 and Judet type 4 radial neck fractures were taken for our study. The patients were followed up for a period of 3 months and thorough radiological and clinical examination was carried out with due attention to any complication. The final results were scored on the basis of Mayo Elbow Score.
As per the above criteria we recorded 3 excellent, 2 fair outcomes for type 3 fractures, whereas for type 4 fractures 1 excellent, 1 fair and 1 good outcomes. Neurovascular deficit or deep infection was not reported. We did not notice any penetration of the nail into the joint.
With Metaizeau technique, there were reported poor results of about 10% in literature. Our results support the Métaizeau technique and postulate that the usage of a nail with reshaped tip may help in avoiding revision surgery by minimizing the loss of reduction.