International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

2018, Volume 4 Issue 3

Effect of age, sex, co morbidities, delay in surgery and complications on outcome in elderly with proximal femur fractures

Author(s): P Venu Gopala Reddy, Riyaz B Shaik, K Ashok Naidu and K Satya Kumar
Abstract: Introduction: Intertrochanteric and femoral neck fractures account for nearly 90% of proximal femur fractures. It is customary to use 65 years of age to define the elderly. One year mortality in these elderly patients ranges from 12%-36%. The main objective of this prospective study is to study the effect of age, sex, co morbidities, delay in surgery and complications on outcome in elderly with proximal femur fractures and to identify optimal measures that can be taken to improve outcome in these patients. It was presumed that early surgery within 48 hours after stabilization of co morbid conditions improves outcome in these elderly patients with proximal femur fractures.
Materials and Methods:In this prospective study elderly patients with proximal femur fractures were selected, after careful selection with inclusion and exclusion criteria. They underwent surgery after preoperative assessment and followed for up to one year at a tertiary referral centre.
Results: Increasing age and male sex are not significant factors affecting outcome. Increasing number of co morbidities (2, 3 or more) is associated with significant increase in mean length of hospital stay (p values .006, and .001), increased incidence in number of complications (p value .008) and mortality (p value .028). Presence of complications is significantly associated with increase in mean length of hospital stay (p values .000, .001), decline in recovery of pre injury mobility status (p value 0.018), increased incidence in number of deaths (p value .01). Delay in surgery more than 48 hours is associated with significant increase in mean length of hospital stay (p value .001) and increased incidence in number of complications (p value .028).
Conclusion: Early surgery within 48 hours after stabilization of co morbid conditions is associated with improvement of outcome in elderly patients with proximal femur fractures is proved correct in terms of decreasing mean length of hospital stay and decreasing incidence of number of complications.
Pages: 498-506  |  629 Views  13 Downloads
How to cite this article:
P Venu Gopala Reddy, Riyaz B Shaik, K Ashok Naidu, K Satya Kumar. Effect of age, sex, co morbidities, delay in surgery and complications on outcome in elderly with proximal femur fractures. Int J Orthop Sci 2018;4(3):498-506. DOI: 10.22271/ortho.2018.v4.i3i.87
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences