Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. It is a slowly progressive disease that affects individuals from the fourth decade and continues to progress at a variable rate. Knee is the most common joint affected in this condition. Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common problem in India among the population above 40 years of age. Knee Lavage with intra articular injections of methyl Prednisolone is a rapid and cost effective method which decreases the symptoms of osteoarthritis for a variable period and results in better functional outcome.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study conducted on 100 knees in 75 patients suffering from Osteoarthritis treated from July 1 2016 till Dec 31 2016, in the Department Of Orthopaedics, Dr D.Y. Patil Hospital, Pimpri, Pune. All the baseline characteristics of the patients, like demographics, symptoms, Kellegren and Lawrence criteria and functional outcome were recorded. The patients were treated at our hospital with Knee Lavage combined with intra articular injections of methyl prednisolone and followed up for a minimum period of six months. The follow-up information included range of motion, scoring, patient satisfaction and overall outcome of the procedure in terms of patient acceptance. The data was analyzed to determine the functional outcome at six months.
Results: There was satisfaction in terms of symptoms of pain and range of movements of the knee. 37% patients showed excellent prognosis, good and fair prognosis was showed by 30% of the patients while only 3% people showed poor prognosis after a follow up of six months duration.
Conclusion: Knee Lavage with intra articular injections of methyl prednisolone was not only associated with excellent functional outcome and short term recovery in terms of patient satisfaction and range of movements of the knee with decrease in pain six months post-procedure but also was found to be cost effective.