Shoulder pain due to shoulder instability is a disabilitating cause in patients aged 15 to 40 years who are active. Shoulder instability in the anterior direction is most commonly due to post traumatic shoulder dislocation. The basic cause is a Bankart lesion which has historic significance. Treament has evolved from open surgery which is vast, extensive to minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery nowadays most commonly preferred by patients all over as well as surgeons, with good to excellent results.
Materials and Methods: A total of 48 patients were included in the study. The age of the patients varied from 17 to 44 years with a mean of 27.31 years. There were 45 males and 3 females in our study. This study was Prospective and Retrospective study Conducted at our working place between July 2008 to April 2010. The University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale is used to assess the functional outcomes of the patients operated with ABR.
Results: In our series of 48 patients were having preoperative instability,out of which 37% patients were improved in terms of no postoperative instability. Two patients with fair UCLA scores at 6 months or later had poor compliance with physiotherapy protocol. There was no case of anchor pull out around the shoulder or same shoulder revision surgery for anterior glenohumeral instability.
Conclusion: Arthroscopic Bankart repair (ABR)is a safe, effective, cosmetic treatment method with good clinical outcomes, excellent postoperative shoulder motion and low recurrence rates.