International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

Surgical site infection in orthopaedic and trauma surgery at Owendo University Teaching Hospital (Gabon): About 32 cases

2024, Volume 10 Issue 2

Surgical site infection in orthopaedic and trauma surgery at Owendo University Teaching Hospital (Gabon): About 32 cases

Author(s): Mba Mba C, Ebanda Moussounda JY, Nguema Enzengue F, Nteph JP, Mezene C, Mengue Mba Meyo S, Ondo Edzang SP, Diawara M, Tshimanga P and Ondo N’dong F
Abstract: 
Introduction: The appearance of a surgical site infection has the immediate consequences of increasing the length of hospital stay with a risk of reoperation. The aim of this work was to determine the frequency of this complication in the department, to specify the etiologies and to identify the factors favouring its appearance.
Patients and Methods: This was a prospective study that took place from March 01 to August 31, 2022 either 6 months at the orthopedic traumatology department of Owendo University Teaching Hospital. The study concerned the analysis of the files of patients operated for clean surgery and who presented an infection of the operating site treated and followed up in the service
Results: We collected 32 patients including 21 men (65.6%) and 11 women (34.4%), either sex ratio of 1.90. The average age was 39.5 years with extremes of 17 and 62 years. All patients received a sample either with a sterile syringe or by swab for bacteriological examination with antibiogram. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant germ with 31.2% (N=10) while ciprofloxacin was the most sensitive antibiotic with 25% (N=8). The evolution was favorable in 84.4% (N=27).
Conclusion: Surgical site infection is common in the service. The staphylococcus aureus is the causative germ. Early samples taken with antibiograms and well-conducted local care have made it possible to obtain a favorable evolution.

Pages: 20-23  |  186 Views  98 Downloads


International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences
How to cite this article:
Mba Mba C, Ebanda Moussounda JY, Nguema Enzengue F, Nteph JP, Mezene C, Mengue Mba Meyo S, Ondo Edzang SP, Diawara M, Tshimanga P, Ondo N’dong F. Surgical site infection in orthopaedic and trauma surgery at Owendo University Teaching Hospital (Gabon): About 32 cases. Int J Orthop Sci 2024;10(2):20-23. DOI: 10.22271/ortho.2024.v10.i2a.3527
 
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences
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