International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

2022, Volume 8 Issue 3

Observational study of radiographic analysis of axial alignments of the lower extremity in northwest Indian adult population

Author(s): Dr. Abhijith Shetty, Dr. Devi Sahai Meena, Dr. Siddharath Sharanappa Parmeshwar, Dr. Premsagar Desai and Dr. Narendra Beniwal
Abstract: Background: The current study is conducted to find the radiographic axial alignments of the lower extremity in north-west Indian adult population.
Methods: A observational study was conducted from May 2018 to May 2020. A total of 137 patients aged between 18-30years coming to hand clinic were randomly selected and full-length weight bearing anterior posterior and lateral view x-rays of left leg was performed and angles were measured using bone ninja application for following axial angles. Femoral neck shaft angle (frontal/sagittal plane), medial proximal femoral angle, anatomical/mechanical lateral distal femoral angle, medial proximal tibial angle, lateral distal tibial angle, posterior proximal/distal femoral angle, anterior distal femoral angle, joint line congruence angle (knee joint), mechanical/anatomical tibio femoral angle.
Results: In our study medial inclination of the tibial plateau in Indian adult population is 5.4+/- 2.4 degree was greater than the commonly reported 3 degree. The tibio femoral valgus angle was 5.4degree with a range of 4-8 degree.
Conclusion: Adult Indian population have more varus alignment of knee and significant higher medial inclination of tibial plateau than the counterpart western population. A 5 degree of external rotation of femoral component instead of commonly used 3degree is necessary while performing total knee arthroplasty in Indian population.
Pages: 12-16  |  50 Views  7 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Abhijith Shetty, Dr. Devi Sahai Meena, Dr. Siddharath Sharanappa Parmeshwar, Dr. Premsagar Desai, Dr. Narendra Beniwal. Observational study of radiographic analysis of axial alignments of the lower extremity in northwest Indian adult population. Int J Orthop Sci 2022;8(3):12-16. DOI: 10.22271/ortho.2022.v8.i3a.3165
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences