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International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences
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International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

2017, Volume 3 Issue 1

Randomized controlled trial comparing open versus closed interlocking nail for closed fracture shaft of femur in Adults

Author(s): Chaudhary P, Maharjan R, Kalawar RPS, Baral P and Shah AB
Abstract: Background: Close reduction and intramedullary fixation of fracture shaft femur proposed by Kuntscher, is the most biological way of treating the fracture shaft femur. But an open version of this procedure, by which the fracture is stabilized by opening the fracture site and fixing it by retrograde method, became popular because of less complication and more predictable operating time. With the development and emergence of image intensifier and modification in the technique, the locked intramedullary gained popularity. Locked intramedullary nailing can be inserted in a static or dynamic fashion.
Aim and Objectives: To compare outcome of open versus closed interlocking nail for fracture shaft of femur in Adults in term of: union, Blood loss, infection rate, functional outcome, Complications if any.
Methods and Materials: It is Randomised Controlled Trial Study. Randamization was done using Excel random number generation technique into two groups, each of size 40. Group A:- Diaphyseal fracture treated with closed methods. Group B:- Diaphyseal fracture treated with open methods. Sample size: 40 in each group
Results: A total of 80 patients (49 male and 31 female) were included in the study. 15 patients were less than 25 years age group followed by 30 patients between 25-40 yrs, 25 patients between 41-60 age group and 10 patients more than 61 years. Road traffic accident is commonnest mode of injury followed by fall from height. The average blood loss is 119.5 ml in Closed nailing group and 139.5 ml in open nailing group. The procedure time is 71 mins in closed naililng group as comprared to 97 mins in open nailing group.
Discussion: A total of 80 patients (49 male and 31 female) were included in the study. 15 patients were less than 25 years age group followed by 30 patients between 25-40 yrs, 25 patients between 41-60 age group and 10 patients more than 61 years. Road traffic accident is commonnest mode of injury followed by fall from height. The average blood loss is 119.5 ml in Closed nailing group and 139.5 ml in open nailing group. The procedure time is 71 mins in closed naililng group as comprared to 97 mins in open nailing group.
Conclusion: Closed IMIL nailing group needs fracture table and image intensifier. Operating time and blood loss is more in Open nailing group. Cost of treatment and union is comparable in both groups. Infection is more in open group as compared to closed group.
Pages: 591-595  |  921 Views  21 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Chaudhary P, Maharjan R, Kalawar RPS, Baral P and Shah AB. Randomized controlled trial comparing open versus closed interlocking nail for closed fracture shaft of femur in Adults. International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences. 2017; 3(1): 591-595. DOI: 10.22271/ortho.2017.v3.i1i.87
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences