Manuscript Writing Service
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences

2017, Volume 3 Issue 1

Pre-operative group and save for elective total knee Arthroplasty: Is it indicated?

Author(s): Euan Stirling, Mohamed Altayeb Mussa, John Jeffery and Francesca Crolla
Abstract: Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed surgical procedure in UK. Routine use of tourniquets and tranexamic acid raises the question of whether pre-operative group and save (G&S) is necessary.
Methods: Retrospective review of 100 patients who underwent TKA. We reviewed if G&S was performed as part of pre-operative assessment and cost of doing so, whether a tourniquet and tranexamic acid were administered, change in haemoglobin (Hb) concentration, and whether blood transfusion was required. We also investigated the time taken to provide type specific and fully cross-matched blood in an emergency, for patients with and without pre-operative G&S sample.
Results: Tranexamic acid and tourniquets were used in all cases. Mean drop in Hb was 15.1 g/l. In 48-hour post-operative period, none of patients received any intraoperative blood transfusions.
Conclusion: Pre-operative G&S results in only a minimal reduction in time to availability of blood products. In emergency situation, O negative blood can be administered immediately with or without a pre-operative sample. None of the cases required blood transfusion suggesting that pre-operative G&S represents a financial burden. There is minimal benefit to be gained from pre-operative G&S for elective TKA. Although further assessment is necessary, we advocate that G&S could be safely omitted.
Pages: 142-144  |  917 Views  14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Euan Stirling, Mohamed Altayeb Mussa, John Jeffery and Francesca Crolla. Pre-operative group and save for elective total knee Arthroplasty: Is it indicated?. International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences. 2017; 3(1): 142-144. DOI: 10.22271/ortho.2017.v3.i1c.22
International Journal of Orthopaedics Sciences